THE METHOD OF INDIRECT DETERMINATION OF THE AMOUNT OF DAMAGES AFTER DAMAGE TO A CIVIL BUILDING IN KHARKIV
The article examines the experience of indirect determination of the amount of material damage caused to the owner of a real estate object - the building of a shopping and entertainment center in the city of Kharkiv in connection with artillery shelling during the military aggression of the Russian Federation. In connection with the military aggression of the Russian Federation, a large number of damaged and destroyed buildings and structures appeared in Ukraine, on which there is a need to conduct construction and technical studies regarding the determination of the amount of material damage in a short time, in the conditions of hostilities and a limited amount of technical and project documentation. Traditionally, the amount of damages is determined by the estimation (resource) method. The calculation is carried out on the basis of the need for materials, products, structures expressed in natural indicators, data on the distance and methods of their delivery, the consumption of energy carriers for technological purposes, the operating time of construction machines and their composition, labor costs of workers. A resource-based method of determination, which in market conditions has a priority value, as it allows the most accurate determination of the planned volume of investments. In practice, when performing construction and technical studies, drawing up an estimate is too time-consuming and in some cases impossible due to the lack of appropriate project documentation, detailed surveys of the technical condition with recommendations of specialists, and limited time to perform the relevant studies. The calculations were based on a cost-based calculation approach and an estimation method of replacement with indexation from 1969 prices to the current date and calculations of % damage based on the specific weights of structural elements of the functional analogue of collections of aggregated indicators of the restoration value of buildings and structures of commercial enterprises for revaluation of fixed assets, which are on the state budget.